What is Asthma disease?
Asthma is a disease in the airways to the lungs. In this disease, the airways get swell & narrow and produce extra mucus. The effects of this are difficulty in breathing, coughing, wheezing (sharp sound while breathing) and shortness of breath.
Generally, when we inhale air through the nose inside us, and go down into the airways passing through the throat, and finally reach the lungs. There are many small air passages inside the lungs which delivers the oxygen into the bloodstream.
When the lining of these airways get swells and the muscles get tightened, it results in Asthma. The mucus fills the airways, and this further reduces the amount of passing air.
There are four major types of asthma
- Mild Intermittent Asthma
- Mild Persistent Asthma
- Moderate Persistent Asthma
- Severe Persistent Asthma
Let’s discuss them one by one
Mild intermittent Asthma
In the mild intermittent asthma, the person experiences the symptoms very infrequently at nearly 2 days a week or 2 nights per month. The symptoms don’t affect your daily life and can be treated using a mild inhaler.
Mild Persistent Asthma
In the mild persistent asthma, the symptoms are still mild but the occurrence is more than twice per week. In this case, the symptoms are not more than one per day. The doctor prescribes a low-dose medication for the patient.
Moderate Persistent Asthma
The patient faces the symptoms once a day in the moderate persistent asthma. The symptoms include whistling while breathing, chest tightness and pain. In treatment, the doctor prescribes a slightly higher dose of the medicine than the mild persistent asthma.
Severe Persistent Asthma
In the case of severe persistent asthma, the patient experiences the symptoms several times in a day, regularly. The medication becomes aggressive in this case with a different combination of dosages.
There is no such clear cause of asthma has been identified, but there are several environmental and genetic factors responsible for the Asthma. Factors are:
- Illness: Respiration problem causing diseases such as flu and pneumonia can cause asthma.
- Overload Physical Movements: Continuous physical work can make breathing difficult.
- Pollutants in the air: Harmful pollutants in the air such as smoke, fumes, strong odors.
- Allergy: Many people get this disease because of the allergy from certain substances such as pollen, dust mites, and animal dander.
- Weather Conditions: Weather conditions such as low humidity, cold weather can also cause asthma.
Dr. Pankar Gulati is a leading asthma specialist doctor in Jaipur, India. He has treated more than 7500 patients in a very short span of time. If you are looking for an asthma specialist near me then consult Dr. Gulati for best and effective asthma treatment.
Diagnosis of Asthma
There is no such single test that can determine whether you are suffering from asthma or not. The doctor performs certain tests and examines the symptoms to give you a proper report, such as:
- Genetic Factors: If your parents or any other family member is having asthma then you are more likely to suffer from it.
- Physical test: The doctor will examine the sign of allergy for hives or eczema, skin test and will also check your breathing using the stethoscope.
- Breathing Tests: Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) measure the amount of air flowing in and out from your lungs. One of the most common tests is Spirometry, in this, you will blow the air of which the speed will be checked.
The treatment of Asthma is divided into 3 primary categories: breathing exercises, First aid treatments, and long-term asthma control medications.
- Breathing Exercises: There are many breathing exercises that can help in moving more air in and out of your lungs. After a time, this will increase the lungs capacity and thereafter, the symptoms of asthma would get reduced.
- First aid treatments: These are the medicines that a patient use during an Asthma attack to get quick relief in breathing. These include:
- Nebulizers and inhalers are used with medicines that need to be inhaled deep into the lungs.
- Bronchodilators relax the muscles that tighten the lungs.
- Anti-inflammatories target inflammation in the muscles that prevent breathing
- Long-term Asthma treatment: These medications are taken regularly with a fixed dose prescribed by the doctor.
Dr. Pankar Gulati is a leading asthma doctor in Jaipur, India. He has treated more than 7500 patients in a very short span of time. If you are looking for an asthma specialist near me then consult Dr. Gulati for best and effective asthma treatment.
There is no exact cause of asthma, which a person can prevent. However, there are many strategies that a person can adapt to minimize the symptoms. These are:
- Avoid Triggering Causes: Chemicals, odors or environmental factors that create breathing problems for you.
- Minimize the exposure to allergens: If dust particles or other allergens triggers an asthma attack then try to avoid them as much as possible.
- Proper medication: Being an asthmatic patient, always take care of your medicines.
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